Neurofeedback is a non-invasive therapy that teaches patients to control brain wave patterns. It is used in psychiatry and rehabilitation medicine. The procedure involves affixing electrodes to the scalp, which send cortical activity through an amplifier to a computer. Using brain mapping software, the doctor sets training parameters for the patient. As the subject learns to control the waves, they are rewarded with improved performance.
Neurofeedback has been found to be effective in many disorders. For instance, it is used to improve attention in college students. Also, it is useful in treating patients with substance abuse problems and insomnia. In addition, it is also being used to treat patients with migraine headaches. Other conditions that neurofeedback has been shown to be effective for include epilepsy, chronic pain, TBI, and Parkinson’s.
Many studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of neurofeedback. Some are randomized controlled trials, while others are case studies. However, the scientific research is still incomplete. More studies are needed to fully evaluate the effects of the therapy and identify which systems and treatments are most effective.
The method of neurofeedback treatment consists of regular 30- or 60-minute sessions. During these sessions, the brain is monitored through electroencephalography (EEG). The patient is then taught to recognize and modify unhealthy brainwave patterns. These patterns can cause stress and anxiety. During the training, the client/patient is exposed to positive and negative images or sounds that are designed to reinforce healthy brainwave patterns.
Neurofeedback is a non-invasive procedure that is relatively safe. However, Neurofeedback it is important to remember that it is a long-term process and can take several months before you see a difference. Depending on the severity of the condition, some individuals may need fewer sessions than others.
Some side-effects of neurofeedback include lightheadedness, anxiety, and fatigue. If the symptoms last longer than 24 hours, it is important to contact the clinician. This is because the procedure can cause cognitive interference. Most people get results after approximately 40 sessions of neurofeedback over 20 weeks.
Research also suggests that neurofeedback is effective in treating the elderly. Elderly patients who were treated with the technique showed increased executive self-control. Additionally, it shows promising outcomes in fibromyalgia, learning deficits, and migraine headaches. There are more studies to be done to determine its effectiveness for other disorders.
A recent study by the Stanford University School of Medicine showed that neurofeedback therapy is effective in treating depression. However, it is still unclear if the results will last. Moreover, the study included only a small group of patients.
Neurofeedback is effective in treating ADHD, as well as other mental health disorders. Besides, the procedure is drug free, and has minimal risk. Among the most common side-effects of neurofeedback are mild headaches, sleepiness, and lack of focus.
While some scientists have doubted the effectiveness of neurofeedback, it is important to know that it is safe. Those who suffer from mental disorders should not hesitate to seek medical help.